MAP Data Acquisition System | Plexon
The Multichannel Acquisition Processor (MAP) Neurophysiology System is Plexon’s original standard for programmable amplification, filtering and real-time spike sorting of multi-channel signals acquired in neuroscience research. Residing in hundreds of labs around the world and referenced in over 1,000 scientific publications, the MAP System is a real neuroscience industry legend. Although new MAP systems are no longer sold, upgrades are still possible and support continues.
The MAP System, also known as the Multichannel Neuronal Acquisition Processor or even the Multi-Neuron Acquisition Processor (MNAP) according to a variety of research papers, was the foundation of multichannel recording industry-wide. For decades it has been affectionately referred to as “The Harvey Box” in reference to Harvey W. Wiggins, the MAP System designer and Plexon’s founder.
The following primary components come together as the MAP System:
- The MAP chassis offering a modular system of plug-in circuit boards – including signal boards, digital signal processing (DSP) boards, digital input boards, digital output boards, and host link board – is either table-top or rack mountable.
- The MAP Control Computer operating the Real-Time Acquisition System Programs for Unit Timing in Neuroscience (RASPUTIN) a suite of client/server programs that control spike sorting in the MAP and provide real-time data visualization and analysis. RASPUTIN’s operation is based on two primary programs, Sort Client and MAP Server. Sort Client is the primary control program for the MAP System hardware, and MAP Server is the low-level interface for configuring the MAP System.
- PBX Preamplifiers available in 16, 32, 48 and 64 channels, and can be combined to achieve higher channel counts.
The MAP System offers powerful, large-scale neuronal waveform recording and real-time spike sorting using DSP hardware, and simultaneous 40kHz (25µsec) analog-to-digital (A/D) conversion on each channel at 12-bit resolution. Further, ten-pole, total high-cut filtering across the system completely eliminates high-frequency noise from industry-leading eye coil systems. Optional analog signal acquisition for continuous recording of spike, field potential, physiological, and behavioral signals is available.
Building on the MAP System’s legendary contribution to the neuroscience space, Plexon has significantly advanced its capabilities and functionality through the launch of the OmniPlex® D Neural Data Acquisition System .
Selected technical specifications for the MAP System are provided below. A Plexon Sales Engineer is happy to discuss your needs and how support your research goals.
|Features||Specifications and Options||Remarks|
|Channels||16 to 128|
|Auxiliary non-neural A/D inputs||16 to 256|
|Digital Inputs||Single-bit or multi-bit strobed word|
|A/D input conversion||40kHz neuronal channel at 12-bit resolution|
|Amplifier gain||1,000 – 32,000|
|Spike sorting||Online via Boxes or Templates|
|File type||Open-format Plexon .PLX files||Can be read by NeuroExplorer®, C++ and MATLAB® other applications.|
|SDK availability||C/C++ and MATLAB|
|Controller platform||Windows® XP or Windows 7|
|Chassis dimensions||19 x 17 x 12.25 inches|
Guides and How To Papers
For the Multichannel Acquisition Processor (MAP) Data Acquisition System
This document details the procedure for installing the hardware and software components required for upgrading a Plexon Multichannel Acquisition Processor (MAP) Data Acquisition System from a RASPUTIN v2 HLK2 System to a RASPUTIN v2 HLK3 System.
- MAP Continuous Analog Troubleshooting Guide
- MAP Continuous Signal Recording Guide
- MAP Digital Input Guide
- MAP Digital Input Troubleshooting Guide
- MAP HLK2 Troubleshooting Guide
- MAP Template and Sorting Adjustment Guide
- Preamp Set-up Guide
- Preamp Upgrade Guide
Technical Specs and Data Sheets
- Bryden DW, Brockett AT, Blume E, Heatley K, Zhao A, Roesch MR. Single Neurons in Anterior Cingulate Cortex Signal the Need to Change Action During Performance of a Stop-change Task that Induces Response Competition. Cerebral Cortex. 2018.
- Smith RJ, Soares AB, Rouse AG, Schieber M, Thakor N. Modeling task-specific neuronal ensembles improves decoding of grasp. Journal of Neural Engineering. 2018 Feb 2.
- Stalnaker TA, Liu TL, Takahashi YK, Schoenbaum G. Orbitofrontal neurons signal reward predictions, not reward prediction errors. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory. 2018 Jan 31.
- Tarigoppula VS, Choi JS, Hessburg JH, McNiel DB, Marsh BT, Francis JT. Motor Cortex Encodes A Value Function Consistent With Reinforcement Learning. bioRxiv. 2018 Jan 1:257337.
- Bueno‐Junior LS, Ruggiero RN, Rossignoli MT, Del Bel EA, Leite JP, Uchitel OD. Acetazolamide potentiates the afferent drive to prefrontal cortex in vivo. Physiological reports. 2017 Jan 1;5(1):e13066.
- Dejean C, Sitko M, Girardeau P, Bennabi A, Caillé S, Cador M, Boraud T, Le Moine C. Memories of opiate withdrawal emotional states correlate with specific gamma oscillations in the nucleus accumbens. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2017 Apr;42(5):1157.
- Happel MF, Ohl FW. Compensating Level-Dependent Frequency Representation in Auditory Cortex by Synaptic Integration of Corticocortical Input. PloS one. 2017 Jan 3;12(1):e0169461.
- Kaufman MT, Seely JS, Sussillo D, Ryu SI, Shenoy KV, Churchland MM. The largest response component in the motor cortex reflects movement timing but not movement type. eNeuro. 2016 Jul 1;3(4):ENEURO-0085.
- Marcos E, Genovesio A. Determining monkey free choice long before the choice is made: the principal role of prefrontal neurons involved in both decision and motor processes. Frontiers in neural circuits. 2016 Sep 22;10:75.
- Neupane S, Guitton D, Pack CC. Two distinct types of remapping in primate cortical area V4. Nature communications. 2016 Feb 1;7:10402.
- Nilsson SR, Celada P, Fejgin K, Thelin J, Nielsen J, Santana N, Heath CJ, Larsen PH, Nielsen V, Kent BA, Saksida LM. A mouse model of the 15q13. 3 microdeletion syndrome shows prefrontal neurophysiological dysfunctions and attentional impairment. Psychopharmacology. 2016 Jun 1;233(11):2151-63.
- Van Le Q, Isbell LA, Matsumoto J, Nishimaru H, Hori E, Maior RS, Tomaz C, Ono T, Nishijo H. Snakes elicit earlier, and monkey faces, later, gamma oscillations in macaque pulvinar neurons. Scientific reports. 2016 Feb 8;6:20595.
- Fanelli RR, Robinson DL. Dopamine D1 receptor blockade impairs alcohol seeking without reducing dorsal striatal activation to cues of alcohol availability. Brain and behavior. 2015 Feb 1;5(2).
- Fitzgerald PJ, Pinard CR, Camp MC, Feyder M, Sah A, Bergstrom HC, Graybeal C, Liu Y, Schlüter OM, Grant SG, Singewald N. Durable fear memories require PSD-95. Molecular psychiatry. 2015 Jul;20(7):901.
- Liu J, Lee HJ, Weitz AJ, Fang Z, Lin P, Choy M, Fisher R, Pinskiy V, Tolpygo A, Mitra P, Schiff N. Frequency-selective control of cortical and subcortical networks by central thalamus. Elife. 2015;4.
- Tziridis K, Ahlf S, Jeschke M, Happel MF, Ohl FW, Schulze H. Noise trauma induced neural plasticity throughout the auditory system of Mongolian gerbils: differences between tinnitus developing and non-developing animals. Frontiers in neurology. 2015 Feb 10;6:22.
- Zhang WH, Williams ZM. Frontal neurons modulate memory retrieval across widely varying temporal scales. Learning & Memory. 2015 Jun 1;22(6):299-306.
- Bigelow J, Rossi B, Poremba A. Neural correlates of short-term memory in primate auditory cortex. Frontiers in neuroscience. 2014 Aug 14;8:250.
- Guo S, Chen S, Zhang Q, Wang Y, Xu K, Zheng X. Optogenetic activation of the excitatory neurons expressing CaMKIIα in the ventral tegmental area upregulates the locomotor activity of free behaving rats. BioMed research international. 2014;2014.
- Lucantonio F, Takahashi YK, Hoffman AF, Chang CY, Bali-Chaudhary S, Shaham Y, Lupica CR, Schoenbaum G. Orbitofrontal activation restores insight lost after cocaine use. Nature neuroscience. 2014 Aug;17(8):1092.
- McDannald MA, Esber GR, Wegener MA, Wied HM, Liu TL, Stalnaker TA, Jones JL, Trageser J, Schoenbaum G. Orbitofrontal neurons acquire responses to ‘valueless’ Pavlovian cues during unblocking. Elife. 2014;3.
- Meyer AF, Diepenbrock JP, Happel MF, Ohl FW, Anemüller J. Discriminative learning of receptive fields from responses to non-gaussian stimulus ensembles. PloS one. 2014 Apr 3;9(4):e93062.
- Nicol AU, Sanchez-Andrade G, Collado P, Segonds-Pichon A, Kendrick KM. Olfactory bulb encoding during learning under anesthesia. Frontiers in behavioral neuroscience. 2014 Jun 5;8:193.
- Scaplen KM, Gulati AA, Heimer‐McGinn VL, Burwell RD. Objects and landmarks: hippocampal place cells respond differently to manipulations of visual cues depending on size, perspective, and experience. Hippocampus. 2014 Nov 1;24(11):1287-99.
- Van Le Q, Isbell LA, Matsumoto J, Hori E, Tran AH, Maior RS, Tomaz C, Ono T, Nishijo H. Monkey pulvinar neurons fire differentially to snake postures. PLoS One. 2014 Dec 5;9(12):e114258.
- Vigneron V, Chen H. Sparse data analysis strategy for neural spike classification. Computational intelligence and neuroscience. 2014 Jan 1;2014:4.
- Bissonette GB, Burton AC, Gentry RN, Goldstein BL, Hearn TN, Barnett BR, Kashtelyan V, Roesch MR. Separate populations of neurons in ventral striatum encode value and motivation. PLoS One. 2013 May 28;8(5):e64673.
- Bomash I, Roudi Y, Nirenberg S. A virtual retina for studying population coding. PloS one. 2013 Jan 14;8(1):e53363.
- Chhatbar PY, Francis JT. Towards a naturalistic brain-machine interface: hybrid torque and position control allows generalization to novel dynamics. PloS one. 2013 Jan 24;8(1):e52286.
- Kaufman MT, Churchland MM, Shenoy KV. The roles of monkey M1 neuron classes in movement preparation and execution. Journal of neurophysiology. 2013 Aug 15;110(4):817-25.
- Nichols Z, Nirenberg S, Victor J. Interacting linear and nonlinear characteristics produce population coding asymmetries between ON and OFF cells in the retina. Journal of Neuroscience. 2013 Sep 11;33(37):14958-73.
- Pandarinath C, Carlson ET, Nirenberg S. A system for optically controlling neural circuits with very high spatial and temporal resolution. InBioinformatics and Bioengineering (BIBE), 2013 IEEE 13th International Conference on 2013 Nov 10 (pp. 1-6). IEEE.
- Rudebeck PH, Mitz AR, Chacko RV, Murray EA. Effects of amygdala lesions on reward-value coding in orbital and medial prefrontal cortex. Neuron. 2013 Dec 18;80(6):1519-31.
- Yang PF, Chen YY, Chen DY, Hu JW, Chen JH, Yen CT. Comparison of fMRI BOLD response patterns by electrical stimulation of the ventroposterior complex and medial thalamus of the rat. PloS one. 2013 Jun 24;8(6):e66821.
- Bryden DW, Burton AC, Kashtelyan V, Barnett BR, Roesch MR. Response inhibition signals and miscoding of direction in dorsomedial striatum. Frontiers in integrative neuroscience. 2012 Sep 7;6:69.
- Goldstein BL, Barnett BR, Vasquez G, Tobia SC, Kashtelyan V, Burton AC, Bryden DW, Roesch MR. Ventral striatum encodes past and predicted value independent of motor contingencies. Journal of Neuroscience. 2012 Feb 8;32(6):2027-36.
- Ifft PJ, Lebedev MA, Nicolelis MA. Reprogramming movements: extraction of motor intentions from cortical ensemble activity when movement goals change. Frontiers in neuroengineering. 2012 Jul 18;5:16.
- MacDonald CJ, Meck WH, Simon SA. Distinct neural ensembles in the rat gustatory cortex encode salt and water tastes. The Journal of physiology. 2012 Jul 1;590(13):3169-84.
- Manohar A, Flint RD, Knudsen E, Moxon KA. Decoding hindlimb movement for a brain machine interface after a complete spinal transection. PLoS One. 2012 Dec 27;7(12):e52173.
- Puig MV, Miller EK. The role of prefrontal dopamine D1 receptors in the neural mechanisms of associative learning. Neuron. 2012 Jun 7;74(5):874-86.
- Vato A, Semprini M, Maggiolini E, Szymanski FD, Fadiga L, Panzeri S, Mussa-Ivaldi FA. Shaping the dynamics of a bidirectional neural interface. PLoS computational biology. 2012 Jul 19;8(7):e1002578.
- Bryden DW, Johnson EE, Tobia SC, Kashtelyan V, Roesch MR. Attention for learning signals in anterior cingulate cortex. Journal of Neuroscience. 2011 Dec 14;31(50):18266-74.
- Hesse K, Vaupel K, Kurt S, Buettner R, Kirfel J, Moser M. Ap-2δ is a crucial transcriptional regulator of the posterior midbrain. PLoS One. 2011 Aug 9;6(8):e23483.
- Ifft P, Lebedev M, Nicolelis MA. Cortical correlates of Fitts’ law. Frontiers in integrative neuroscience. 2011 Dec 22;5:85.
- Kaufman MT, Churchland MM, Santhanam G, Byron MY, Afshar A, Ryu SI, Shenoy KV. Roles of monkey premotor neuron classes in movement preparation and execution. Journal of neurophysiology. 2010 Aug 1;104(2):799-810.
- Pandarinath C, Victor JD, Nirenberg S. Symmetry breakdown in the ON and OFF pathways of the retina at night: functional implications. Journal of Neuroscience. 2010 Jul 28;30(30):10006-14.
- Rolston JD, Gross RE, Potter SM. Closed-loop, open-source electrophysiology. Frontiers in neuroscience. 2010 Sep 15;4:31.
- Stalnaker TA, Calhoon GG, Ogawa M, Roesch MR, Schoenbaum G. Neural correlates of stimulus-response and response-outcome associations in dorsolateral versus dorsomedial striatum. Frontiers in integrative neuroscience. 2010 May 19;4:12.
- Stuphorn V, Brown JW, Schall JD. Role of supplementary eye field in saccade initiation: executive, not direct, control. Journal of neurophysiology. 2010 Feb 1;103(2):801-16.
- Fitzsimmons N, Lebedev M, Peikon I, Nicolelis MA. Extracting kinematic parameters for monkey bipedal walking from cortical neuronal ensemble activity. Frontiers in integrative neuroscience. 2009 Mar 9;3:3.
- Furtak SC, Cho CE, Kerr KM, Barredo JL, Alleyne JE, Patterson YR, Burwell RD. The Floor Projection Maze: A novel behavioral apparatus for presenting visual stimuli to rats. Journal of neuroscience methods. 2009 Jun 30;181(1):82-8.
- Shi C, Zhao L, Zhu B, Li Q, Yew DT, Yao Z, Xu J. Protective effects of Ginkgo biloba extract (EGb761) and its constituents quercetin and ginkgolide B against β-amyloid peptide-induced toxicity in SH-SY5Y cells. Chemico-biological interactions. 2009 Sep 14;181(1):115-23.